Comunità di S.Egidio

La Comunità di Sant'Egidio e la Pace


 Mozambique : the Process of Peace

 

04/10/1992
General Peace Agreement for Mozambique

Joaquim Alberto Chissano, President of the Republic of Mozambique and Afonso Macacho Marceta Dhlakama, President of Renamo, meeting at Rome, under the chairmanship of the Italian Government, in the presence of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Italian Republic, Emílio Colombo, and in the presence of:

H.E. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, President of the Republic of Zimbabwe;
H.E. Ketumile Masire, President of the Republic of Botswana:
H.E. George Saitoti, Vice-President of the Republic of Kenya;
H.E. Roelof F. Botha, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of South Africa:
The Hon. John Tembo, Minister in the Office of the President of the Republic of Malawi;
Ambassador Ahmed Haggag, Assistant Secretary-General of OAU:

And of the mediators: Mario Raffaelli, representative of the Italian Government and co-ordinator of the mediators, Jaime Gonçalves, Archbishop of Beira, Andrea Riccardi and Matteo Zuppi of the Community of Sant’ Egidio;

And representatives of the observers: Dr. James O. C. Jonah, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs of the United Nations; H.E. Ambassador Herman J. Cohen, Assistant Secretary of State, for the Government of the United States of America; H.E. Ambassador Philippe Cuvillier for the Government of France: H.E. Dr. José Manuel Durão Barroso, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, for the Government of Portugal: and H.E. Sir Patrick Fairweather for the Government of the United Kingdom:

At the conclusion of the negotiating process in Rome for the establishment of a lasting peace and effective democracy in Mozambique, accept as binding the following documents which constitute the General Peace Agreement:

1. Protocol I (Basic principles);

2. Protocol II (Criteria and arrangements for the formation and recognition of political parties):

3. Protocol III (Principles of the Electoral Act);

4. Protocol IV (Military questions);

5. Protocol V (Guarantees);

6. Protocol VI (Cease-fire);

7. Protocol VII (Donors’ Conference).

They also accept as integral parts of the General Peace Agreement for Mozambique the following documents:

(a) The Joint Communiqué of 10 July 1990;

(b) The Agreement of 1 December 1990;

(c) The Declaration of the Government of the Republic of Mozambique and Renamo on guiding principles for humanitarian assistance, signed in Rome on 16 July 1992;

(d) The Joint Declaration signed in Rome on 7 August 1992.

The President of the Republic of Mozambique and the President of Renamo undertake to do everything within their power for the achievement of genuine national reconciliation.

The above-mentioned Protocols have been duly initialed and signed by the respective heads of delegation and by the mediators. The present General Peace Agreement shall enter into force immediately upon its signature.

Joaquim Alberto Chissano
President of the Republic of Mozambique

Afonso Macacho Marceta Dhlakama
President of Renamo

The mediators:
Mario Raffaelli, Jaime Gonçalves, Andrea Riccardi, Matteo Zuppi

Signed at Rome on 4 October 1992.