Formerly a student of l’Ecole Polytechnique, Philippe Herzog started his career as an administrator at the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies. He was also a Professor of economics, and taught at the University of Paris-X Nanterre (19732003). He was Member of the Political Bureau of the French Communist Party (1979-1996).
He was a Member of the French Economic and Social Committee (1948-1989), of the Committee of Economic Analysis towards the Prime Minister (1997-2008), and Chairman of the Institute for Public Financial Education (2006). As a Member of the European Parliament (1989-2004), he was Chairman of the committee on External Economic relations, and Vice-Chairman of the Committee of Economic and Monetary Affairs. He is now special adviser to the European Commissioner for Internal Market and Services, Michel Barnier. Philippe Herzog has been awarded Chevalier de l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques, of the Ordre National du Mérite, and of the Légion d’honneur.